26 Oct 2022

Govardhan Puja, fair held in Gaushala; know why is cow worshipped on Govardhan Puja?

Every festival in India has its own importance. The tradition of worshiping Govardhan after Diwali has been going on in India for centuries. The festival of Govardhan Puja is celebrated on the Pratipada date of Shukla Paksha of Kartik month. During this, it is worshipped by making Govardhan Parvat out of cow dung in the courtyard of the house. 

Worship of cows also has special significance in Govardhan Puja. This time Govardhan Puja is being done on Wednesday due to solar eclipse. It is also known as Annakoot festival. Women have made the figure of Giriraj Maharaj in the courtyard of their house with cow dung. Govardhan Puja is also known as Annakoot Puja. But very few people know why Govardhan Puja is performed.

Govardhan Puja commemorates the victory of Lord Krishna over Indra. Lord Krishna lifted Govardhan hill on his little finger and saved people from the wrath of Lord Indra. On this festival, all the Lord Krishna temples are decorated with flowers, lights and diyas and devotees prepare Bhog Prasad to offer to Lord Krishna.

Govardhan with cow dung in the courtyard: Govardhan is made from cow dung in the courtyard of the house on the day of Govardhan Puja. Also the mandap is decorated with flowers. In the auspicious time of worship, Govardhan ji is being worshiped by offering flowers, akshat, fruits, lamps, naivedaya and sweets. Batase, milk curd etc. are kept in a large earthen lamp at the navel place of Govardhan. Annakoot prepared from different types of dishes prepared at home was offered to Lord Krishna. 

What is the importance of Annakoot: Annakoot has special significance on the day of Govardhan Puja. Mix vegetables, mango chutney, puri, roti, carrot halwa, rice, raita, moong khichdi, millet pudding and curry rice etc. are made by mixing many vegetables in Annakoot Prasad for the Lord. There is also a belief behind this that there is no shortage of others in the house of those who celebrate this Annakoot offering and offer it to God.

Why is cow worshiped on Govardhan Puja?: According to legend, Shri Krishna ordered the Braj people to worship the Govardhan mountain and cows, which incensed Lord Indra. In his indignation, he let loose such a deluge of rain that the lives of the citizens of Braj were in danger 

Worshiping a cow brings happiness and peace in the house. According to many folk tales, cow's milk is as pure as the water of most rivers. All the gods and goddesses reside in the cow. In Govardhan Puja, cow is worshipped by lighting Mauli, rice, flowers, curd, roli and lamps.

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