19 Oct 2023

ISRO: Countdown For Gaganyaan First Unmanned Flight Test To Begin At 8.00 AM Saturday

Chennai: The 24-hour countdown for the first unmanned Flight Test Vehicle Abort Mission-1 (TV-D1) to demonstrate the crew escape system of the Gaganyaan programme, will begin at about 8.00 am at SHAR Range, Sriharikota on 21 October.

The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) sources on Thursday said the countdown will commence at 0800 hrs Saturday.

The launch of the short duration mission will take place from the First Launch Pad at 0800 hrs on Saturday morning and the entire mission will last 531 secs (about nine minutes).

Flight test will mark a major milestone in Gaganyaan programme

This flight test will mark a major milestone in the overall Gaganyaan programme--which will be India's first manned mission to space--and will define the in-flight abort demonstration of Crew Escape System (CES) at Mach Number 1.2 with the newly developed Test Vehicle followed by Crew Module Separation and Recovery.

The objective of the mission is Flight demonstration and evaluation of Test Vehicle sub systems, Crew Escape System including various separation systems and Crew Module characteristics & deceleration systems demonstration at higher altitude and its recovery.

The 35 m tall Liquid Propelled Single StageTest Vehicle, weighing about 44 ton, uses a modified Vikas engine with 4,520 kg Crew Module (CM) and CES mounted at its fore end.

"The entire flight sequence, right from lift off from the First Launch Pad to the crew module touchdown at sea about 10 km frm Sriharikota, with the deployment of parachutes, will last 531 seconds", ISRO said.

The CM is a single walled unpressurised aluminium structure.

It said about 60 seconds after the lift, the test vehicle -- crew escape system will get separated at an altitude of 11.7 km and 30 seconds later, the CM-CES will get separated at an altitude of 16.7 km at a velocity of 148.7 m/s.

Subsequently, the abort sequence will be executed autonomously commencing with the separation of CES and deployment of series of parachutes, finally culminating in the safe touchdown of the CM in the sea, about 10 km from the coast of Sriharikota, the Space Agency said.

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