27 May 2023

Apart From Politics, Know What Makes New Parliament House So Special; How it Is Different From Old Building

New Delhi: Parliament’s new building is going to be inaugurated on Sunday, 28th May. Lok Sabha Speaker Om Birla along with Prime Minister Narendra Modi will dedicate this new Parliament House to the nation. But these days politics has heated up regarding the inauguration of the new Parliament House amidst Opposition’s boycott call.

Seating capacity for more MPs and visitors

Apart from politics, if we look at the specialty of the new Parliament House, there are 888 seats in the Lok Sabha. The seating arrangement for more than 336 people has been made in the visitors’ gallery. At the same time, the new Rajya Sabha formed in the new building of Parliament has 384 seats. Not only this, the seating capacity of more than 336 people has been kept in the visitors’ gallery. During the joint session of both the Houses, more than 1272 MPs can sit together in the Lok Sabha itself. 

Offices equipped with modern facilities

Separate offices equipped with modern facilities have been set up for important works in the new Parliament House. Many rooms have also been set aside for dining area, cafe, committee meetings where hi-tech equipments have been installed. Apart from common rooms, ladies lounges and VIP lounges have also been provided in the new building.

Construction material called from different parts of country

Sand stone from Sarmathura in Dholpur district of Rajasthan; Granite stone from Lakha village in Jaisalmer, Rajasthan have been used extensively in the Central Vista Project to develop both the exterior as well as interior layer of various structures. Usage of the stone as a key construction material is prevalent throughout India, especially in Government offices & institutions.

The New Parliament Building in Central Vista will have extensive usage of wooden structures for creation of interior as well as exterior decor, rooted in traditional motifs and elements.

Hand-knotted carpets called from Bhadohi

The New Parliament Building has hand-knotted carpets from Bhadohi, Uttar Pradesh popular for its beautiful hand-knotted carpets, earning it the name of ‘Carpet City’. Renowned for the “knot-by-knot” technique, the beauty of the design comes from the way the knots are made by craftspersons in an intricate manner, using fingers.

This traditional and renowned craft of ‘knot by knot’ carpet making will add to the grandeur of the new building. This project will further promote Bhadohi’s unique craft technique across the country, potentially increasing livelihood opportunities for the artisans.

Bamboo wood flooring sourced from Agartala

Besides, bamboo wood flooring was sourced from Agartala in Tripura. Stone Jali Works have been called from Rajnagar in Rajasthan and Noida in Uttar Pradesh. Along with this, the Ashoka symbol was brought from Aurangabad in Maharashtra and Jaipur in Rajasthan. 

Ashok Chakra was procured from Indore, the commercial capital of Madhya Pradesh. Red lacquer was brought from Jaisalmer in Rajasthan. White marble stones were procured from Ambaji, Rajasthan itself. Saffron green stone was ordered from Udaipur. The M-Sand used here was procured from Chakri Dadri, Haryana and Fly Ash Bricks from NCR Haryana and Uttar Pradesh. Brass work and pre-cast trenches were brought from Ahmedabad, Gujarat. LS and RS false ceiling steel structure was procured from Daman and Diu.

Architect Bimal Patel is honored with Padma Sri

The architect of the new Parliament House is Bimal Patel. He was awarded Padma Sri in the year 2019. The biggest feature of the new building is the Constitution Hall. Which is made in the middle of the building. Ashoka Stambha has been installed on it. A copy of the constitution will be kept in this hall. Along with this, life size photographs of Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Subhash Chandra Bose, Prime Ministers of the country have been displayed. This new building of the Parliament is a part of the Central Vista Project of the Central Government. The construction of which was started on 15 January 2021.

The present building of Parliament was built in 1927

While people are curious about the new Parliament House, the question arises why it was needed at all. Actually the current Parliament building was built in the year 1927. This building is going to be about 100 years old. There is no convenient seating arrangement for MPs in both the houses of the present Parliament House. In such a situation, on 5 August 2019, a proposal for the construction of a new parliament was passed by both the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha. After this, on 10 December 2020, PM Modi laid the foundation stone of the new Parliament House. The construction work of the new building was started on 15 January 2021.

The objective of the Central Vista Development/Redevelopment Master Plan is to improve the productivity and efficiency of administration by providing it with highly functional and purpose-designed office infrastructure.

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