14 Jul 2023

Chandrayaan-3 Begins Journey Towards Moon; Now In Earth's Orbit; Will Land On Moon On 23 Or 24 Aug

India launched the Chandrayaan-3 mission on Friday, 3 years, 11 months and 23 days after the launch of Chandrayaan-2. It was sent into space by Bahubali rocket LVM3-M4 from Satish Dhawan Space Center in Sriharikota in Andhra Pradesh at 2.35 pm. ISRO Chairman S Somnath is in the mission control room along with other scientists.

After 16 minutes, the rocket placed Chandrayaan in the Earth's orbit. ISRO Chief S Somnath said after this successful launch that Chandrayaan 3 has started its journey towards the Moon.

Chandrayaan-3 spacecraft has three lander/rover and propulsion modules. About 40 days later, i.e. on 23 or 24 August, the lander and rover will land on the Moon's South Pole. Both of them will do experiments on the moon for 14 days. 

The propulsion module will study the radiation coming from the Earth by staying in the Moon's orbit. Through the mission, ISRO will find out how seismic the lunar surface is, soil and dust will be studied.

If the mission is successful, India will become the fourth country after America, Russia and China to land its spacecraft on Moon. There were many spacecraft crashes before both America and Russia successfully landed on the moon. China is the only country to be successful in its first attempt in 2013.

Chandrayaan-3 will carry hopes and dreams of our nation: PM

The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi has underlined the significance of Chandrayaan-3, India's  third lunar mission.

In a tweet thread, the Prime Minister said :

"14th July 2023 will always be etched in golden letters as far as India’s space sector is concerned. Chandrayaan-3, our third lunar mission, will embark on its journey. This remarkable mission will carry the hopes and dreams of our nation.

Chandrayaan-3 will be inserted into the Lunar Transfer Trajectory after the orbit raising maneuvers. Covering over 300,000 km, it will reach the Moon in the coming weeks. Scientific instruments onboard will study the Moon’s surface and enhance our knowledge.

Thanks to our scientists, India has a very rich history in the space sector. Chandrayaan-1 is considered to be a path breaker among global lunar missions as it confirmed the presence of water molecules on the moon. It featured in over 200 scientific publications around the world.

Now Moon is seen as a dynamic and geologically active body: PM

Till Chandrayaan-1, the moon was believed to be a bone-dry, geologically inactive and uninhabitable celestial body. Now, it is seen as a dynamic and geologically active body with the presence of water and sub-surface ice. Maybe in the future, it can be potentially inhabited!

Chandrayaan-2 was equally pathbreaking because data from the Orbiter associated with it detected the presence of chromium, manganese and sodium for the first time through remote sensing. This will also provide more insights into the moon’s magmatic evolution.

The key scientific outcomes from Chandrayaan 2 include the first ever global map for lunar sodium, enhancing knowledge on crater size distribution, unambiguous detection of lunar surface water ice with IIRS instrument and more. This Mission has featured in almost 50 publications.

Best wishes for Chandrayaan-3 mission! I urge you all to know more about this Mission and the strides we have made in space, science and innovation. It will make you all very proud."

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